US attitudes influenced by war (AP)
Cornell University News Release
ITHACA NY December 17, 2004 - In a study to determine how much the public fears terrorism, almost half of respondents polled nationally said they believe the U.S. government should -- in some way -- curtail civil liberties for Muslim Americans, according to a new survey released by Cornell University.
About 27 percent of respondents said that all Muslim Americans should be required to register their location with the federal government, and 26 percent said they think that mosques should be closely monitored by U.S. law enforcement agencies.
Twenty-nine percent agreed that undercover law enforcement agents should infiltrate Muslim civic and volunteer organizations, in order to keep tabs on their activities and fund raising. About 22 percent said the federal government should profile citizens as potential threats based on the fact that they are Muslim or have Middle Eastern heritage.
In all, about 44 percent said they believe that some curtailment of civil liberties is necessary for Muslim Americans.
Conversely, 48 percent of respondents nationally said they do not believe that civil liberties for Muslim Americans should be restricted.
The Media and Society Research Group, in Cornell's Department of Communication, commissioned the poll, which was supervised by the Survey Research Institute, in Cornell's School of Industrial and Labor Relations. The results were based on 715 completed telephone interviews of respondents across the United States, and the poll has a margin of error of 3.6 percent.
The survey also examined the relation of religiosity to perceptions of Islam and Islamic countries among Christian respondents. Sixty-five percent of self-described highly religious people queried said they view Islam as encouraging violence more than other religions do; in comparison, 42 percent of the respondents who said they were not highly religious saw Islam as encouraging violence.
In addition, highly religious respondents also were more likely to describe Islamic countries as violent (64 percent), fanatical (61 percent) and dangerous (64 percent).
Fewer of the respondents who said they were not highly religious described Islamic countries as violent (49 percent), fanatical (46 percent) and dangerous (44 percent).
But 80 percent of all respondents said they see Islamic countries as being oppressive toward women.
"Our results highlight the need for continued dialogue about issues of civil liberties in time of war," says James Shanahan, Cornell associate professor of communication and a principal investigator in the study. Shanahan and Erik Nisbet, senior research associate with the ILR Survey Research Institute, commissioned the study, and Ron Ostman, professor of communication, and his students administered it.
Shanahan notes: "Most Americans understand that balancing political freedoms with security can sometimes be difficult. Nevertheless, while a majority of Americans support civil liberties even in these difficult times, and while more discussion about civil liberties is always warranted, our findings highlight that personal religiosity as well as exposure to news media are two important correlates of support for restrictions. We need to explore why these two very important channels of discourse may nurture fear rather than understanding."
Researchers found that opinions on restricting civil liberties for Muslim Americans vary by political self-identification. About 40 percent of Republican respondents agreed that Muslim Americans should be required to register their whereabouts, compared with 24 percent of Democratic respondents and 17 percent of independents.
Forty-one percent of Republican respondents said that Muslim American civic groups should be infiltrated, compared with 21 percent of Democrats and 27 percent of independents.
Thirty-four percent of Republicans said that profiling
of Muslim Americans is necessary (Reuters)
On whether mosques should be monitored, about 34 percent of the Republicans polled agreed they should be, compared with 22 percent of Democrats. Thirty-four percent of Republicans said that profiling of Muslim Americans is necessary, compared with 17 percent of Democrats.
The survey also showed a correlation between television news-viewing habits, a respondent's fear level and attitudes toward restrictions on civil liberties for all Americans.
Respondents who paid a lot of attention to television news were more likely to favor restrictions on civil liberties, such as greater power for the government to monitor the Internet. Respondents who paid less attention to television news were less likely to support such measures.
"The more attention paid to television news, the more you fear terrorism, and you are more likely to favor restrictions on civil liberties," says Nisbet.
The full reports are available in PDF form:
Restrictions on Civil Liberties, Views of Islam, & Muslim Americans (PDF)
U.S. War on Terror, U.S. Foreign Policy, and Anti-Americanism (PDF)
The Media and Society Research Group - http://www.comm.cornell.edu/msrg/msrg.html
Helix nebula (C. Robert O'Dell)
Vanderbilt University News Release
December 16, 2004 - In a process comparable to that of an artist who turns a two-dimensional canvas into a three-dimensional work of art, astronomers use the two dimensional images that they capture in their high-powered telescopes to reconstruct the three-dimensional structures of celestial objects.
The latest example of this reconstructive artistry is a new model of the Helix Nebula--one of the nearest and brightest of the planetary nebulae, which are the Technicolor clouds of dust and glowing gas produced by exploding stars. Efforts of this sort are providing important new insights into the process that stars like the sun go through just before their fiery deaths.
The analysis, published in the November issue of the Astronomical Journal, was conducted by a team of astronomers led by C. Robert O'Dell of Vanderbilt University. Combining sharp new images from the Hubble Space Telescope with the best ground-based optical and radio images and spectra, the astronomers have determined that the Helix Nebula is not, in fact, shaped in a snake-like coil as some earlier analyses had concluded. Instead of a helical shape, they have found that the nebula consists of inner and outer shells of dust and gas that are oriented at nearly 90 degrees from one another.
This new information has allowed the researchers to determine not only the relative positions of the nebula's major features, but also the speed and direction that the expanding dust and gas are moving. For example, they figured out why the larger disk is brighter on one side than on the other. It is because the nebula is moving through the interstellar medium, something like a boat plowing through water. In this case, however, the encounter compresses the colliding gases and causes them to glow more brightly than they do in other parts of the ring.
"Our new observations show that the previous model of the Helix was much too simple," O'Dell says. "About a year ago, we believed the Helix was a bagel shape, filled in the middle. Now we see that this filled bagel is just the inside of the object. A much larger disk, shaped like a washer, surrounds the filled bagel. This disk is oriented almost perpendicular to the bagel."
Team member Peter McCullough adds, "To visualize the Helix's geometry imagine a lens from a pair of glasses that was tipped at an angle to the frame's rim. That would be an odd-looking pair of glasses. Well, in the case of the Helix, finding a disk inclined at an angle to a ring would be a surprise. But that is, in fact, what we found." He and Margaret Meixner, both of the Space Telescope Science Institute, contributed to the study.
Astronomers suspect that these complex patterns hold important information about the conditions that existed in their progenitor stars before they exploded. "We still don't understand how you get such a shape," O'Dell says. "If we could explain how this shape was created, then we could explain the late stages of certain types of stars,"
Currently, scientists believe that several of a star's properties may influence the way in which dust and gas is ejected when it explodes. These include the star's speed and axis of rotation; the strength and axis of its magnetic field; and, the influence of a close companion star if it has one.
One group of astronomers argues that the gravitational influence of companion stars alone can produce these patterns and that a star's rotation and magnetic field are not important. Other scientists, however, contend that rotation, magnetic field and the influence of companion stars all play a role.
One way that astronomers classify planetary nebulae is by the number of axes that they contain. A non-polar nebula is one that has no axes: material is sloughed off the star uniformly to form a spherical cloud of dust and gas. A bipolar nebula is one that is created by ejecting material primarily in a flat disk perpendicular to a single axis of symmetry. Finally, a quadra-polar nebula possesses material expanding outward in two disks, each with a different orientation. The new study finds that the Helix nebula is quadra-polar. Space-based X-ray observations suggest that the Helix nebula was produced by a binary star system with the two stars so closely that they appear as a single image in optical telescopes. This suggests that the orientation of one disk may have been influenced by the orbit of the companion star and that the orientation of the other disk was determined by the dying star's spin axis or the axis of its magnetic field.
"The new model strengthens the argument that the star's rotation and magnetic field axes play a role because the proponents of the companion-star-only model can't explain quadra-polar patterns like this," says O'Dell.
Another discovery that surprised the researchers is that the two disks appear to have been formed at different times. The nebula's inner disk is expanding slightly faster than the outer disk leading the astronomers to estimate that the inner disk was formed about 6,600 years ago while the outer ring is about 12,000 years ago.
Why did the star expel matter at two different epochs, leaving a gap of 6,000 years? Right now, only the Helix Nebula knows the answer, the astronomers say.
Exploration, Vanderbilt's online research magazine - http://www.exploration.vanderbilt.edu
Author Arthur C. Clarke (AP)
European Space Agency News Release
December 13, 2004 - Budding writers and artists have another opportunity to describe their vision of the future in space in the 2005 Clarke-Bradbury International Science Fiction competition. In 2003 the first competition received 104 entries from 36 countries.
Organized by the Swiss Maison d'Ailleurs (House of Elsewhere) and the OURS Foundation, under the auspices of ESA’s Technology Transfer and Promotion Office, the competition is designed to promote innovative ideas for future space technologies and to encourage young people’s interest in science and technology.
"Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic," said Arthur C. Clarke who together with another famous science fiction writer, Ray Bradbury, gave his name to the contest.
Clarke and Bradbury have inspired generations of space scientists and explorers with their extraordinary science fiction stories.
This year a specific theme has been selected: the space elevator. Writers and artists of all ages are invited to submit a short story of no more than 2500 words, a piece of artwork, or both, describing or depicting a space elevator and its technology.
The space elevator, also known as a
spacebridge, is a physical connection
from the surface of the Earth, or another
planetary body such as Mars, to at least
geostationary orbit. Currently it is
conceived as a carbon nanotube ribbon
stretching some 100 000 km from Earth
to space. The elevator will be anchored to
an offshore sea platform near the equator
in the Pacific Ocean, and to a small
counterweight in space. Mechanical
lifters will move up and down the ribbon,
carrying such items as satellites, solar
power systems and, eventually, people
into space. (Erkki Halkka)
"For the first competition we received many very good stories," says ESA's David Raitt, one of the organizers and judges. "It was interesting to see the diversity of ideas these young writers demonstrated in their stories." Recently ESA published a selection of last year’s entries in a book entitled Tales of Innovation and Imagination.
Continual technological progress means that ideas that were once wild speculation may now be within the bounds of feasibility. Raitt adds, "maybe some of the visions we will receive in this competition, pure science fiction today, will become reality within the next 20 to 30 years".
Take the theme of this year’s contest: the 'space elevator'. The first idea could be said to date back to the English fairy tale of Jack and the Beanstalk written around 1820. In 1895, the famous Russian scientist, mathematician and science fiction writer Konstantin Tsiolkovsky, was inspired by a trip to the Eiffel Tower to imagine a tower reaching up to orbital altitude. Another scheme for a space tower, using a satellite in geosynchronous orbit, was presented in 1960 by another Russian scientist, Yuri Artsutanov.
Writer Arthur C. Clarke brought the idea up to date in his 1979 novel The Fountains Of Paradise, which has crews and cargo riding elevators up the tower into space. Since then there have been a number of studies, most notably by David Smitherman of NASA and Brad Edwards, now at Carbon Designs Inc.
One of the major obstacles to creating a space elevator is finding the right material because as yet there is nothing strong enough and sufficiently light. One possible solution, even if not yet ready, is the use of carbon nanotubes.
One current idea is to use these to create a 100,000 km ribbon stretching up into space, on which mechanical lifters could travel to release payloads into orbit at diverse points. The system could be comprised of various components: an initial spacecraft, the ribbon, mechanical lifters, power beaming facility, anchor platform and tracking facility.
Given the pace of development, the most optimistic prognosis is that a space elevator could be built within the next few decades or so. Once in operation it would simplify voyages into space and possibly reduce today’s high launch costs.
This competition is open to space and science fiction enthusiasts from all nations. The entries, which must be in English, will be judged by an international jury and assessed using the following criteria:
- technology: convincing use
- imagination: innovative ideas and the ability to think ‘outside the box’
- structure: development of storyline, plot, characters
- skill: clarity of expression, style, degree of realism
- visualization: convincing depiction of the space elevator
The closing date for entries is 28 February 2005.
Anyone interested in giving the competition a try can find out more on the ITSF website or contact:
Dr David Raitt
Senior Technology Transfer Officer
Technology Transfer and Promotion Office
European Space Agency, ESTEC, The Netherlands
ITSF - http://www.itsf.org
ESA - http://www.esrin.esa.it
Ursula K. Le Guin - the author denounces!
The Earthsea Battle!
December 18, 2004 (eXoNews) - Some of you know by now that Sci Fi Channel's much-hyped mini-series adaptation of Ursula K. Le Guin's classic Earthsea books didn't float with the author.
Personally, I found the mini-series (which is TV-speak for two-part TV movie in this case) surprisingly lightweight and predictable for something based on Le Guin.
I don't really remember the 30-year-old Le Guin books, but I have read enough Le Guin to know that she is usually far deeper and more delightful than what I found in the Sci Fi movie.
The plot was so full of Harry Potter and Lord of the Rings clones that I began to wonder if Potter's author had been a Le Guin fan. In fact, Sci Fi's Earthsea contained just about every swords and sorcery cliché imaginable.
Shawn Ashmore as Ged
By the final hour I was willing to let my VCR take over and watch the ending later.
It wasn't all bad, but basically a yawner.
Actor Shawn Ashmore did well as Ged (not his true name, according to Le Guin), leading the cast through enlightenment and quest (finding his destiny and piecing together the lost amulet to destroy the big bads), light and dark battle with an evil guy who looked like Darth Vader without the helmet (same voice too), magic school (straight out of Potter, with Chris Gauthier as his likeable Rings-like overweight sidekick) and all the rest.
Danny Glover was wasted as Ashmore's wizard mentor Ogion and so, ironically were the three female leads basically relegated to minimal familiar characterizations done often and better in many episodes of the Kevin Sorbo Hercules TV series (also shown on Sci Fi.)
Ironic because Ursula K. Le Guin is just about the most powerful and respected woman writer in the genre, of course.
Kristin Kreuk as Tenar
Jennifer Calvert lead the slighted ladies as the bad priestess sleeping with the bad king (Sebastian Roche) and poisoning head reverend mother Thar (Isabella Rossellini) while trying to thwart Ged's true love priestess Tenar (Kristin Kreuk).
Le Guin has disowned the Sci Fi movie completely as a "Clorox" atrocity. She kept quiet before the airing due to contractual obligations, but has since blasted the production on various websites.
Here is the aftermath, beginning with Sci Fi Wire's take on the battle and followed by a link to the full Ursula K. Le Guin criticism.
Le Guin Blasts SCI FI's Earthsea
Oregon December 17, 2004 (Sci Fi Wire) - Ursula K. Le Guin, the best-selling SF writer and author of the beloved Earthsea series, has gone on the record blasting SCI FI Channel's recent adaptation of her books, Legend of Earthsea, which premiered earlier this week to record ratings.
Averaging 3.7 million viewers per night - big for
basic cable but only a drop in the barrel for the rest
of the TV ocean. (Sci Fi)
In commentaries on Slate.com and elsewhere, Le Guin has called the four-hour miniseries "A Whitewashed Earthsea" and said that "SCI FI Channel wrecked my books."
Among other things, Le Guin complains that the miniseries, produced by Robert Halmi Sr. and directed by Robert Lieberman, changed the races of key characters and misinterpreted themes and events in her books.
"The books, A Wizard of Earthsea and The Tombs of Atuan, which were published more than 30 years ago, are about two young people finding out what their power, their freedom and their responsibilities are," Le Guin writes in Slate. "I don't know what the film is about. It's full of scenes from the story, arranged differently, in an entirely different plot, so that they make no sense."
Le Guin sold the rights to her books to the producers, and the deal gave her a "consultant" credit on the project. But she says she had virtually no input into the final product, which was adapted for the screen by screenwriter Gavin Scott (The Mists of Avalon).
Le Guin earlier took issue with comments by Lieberman in SCI FI Magazine, in which he attempted to interpret Le Guin's intentions in the books. Le Guin wrote on her official Web site that Lieberman put words into her mouth that missed the point of her books.
In response to Le Guin's comments, SCI FI Channel issued this statement: "We respect Ms. Le Guin's right to voice her opinion and we understand her frustrations. However, adapting two major novels down to four hours of television is highly challenging and requires significant reworking. That being said, we stand by the creative decisions we took in the spirit of her wonderful books and which made our miniseries the top entertainment program on cable over two nights, with over 13 million viewers."
Earthsea was a ratings hit on SCI FI Channel in its premiere on Dec. 13 and 14.
[With an average 3.2 rating (3.7 million viewers) in the two nights of its premiere, which is big for basic cable but only a drop in the barrel for the rest of the TV ocean. Not sure how this adds up to the "over 13 million viewers" claimed above, but that's show business. Ed.]
Read What Le Guin Said
December 18, 2004 (eXoNews) - There's more to this story. Although Sci Fi does get some points for acknowledging the author's objections to the dumbed down version of her classics they seem to have left out the reason they got away with turning Earthsea into a Harry Potter sequel.
Even if you never read the Earthsea books (Sci Fi was apparently counting on that), and although you may like the actors (we are Smallville fans here too), you should read exactly what Ursula K. Le Guin had to say about Sci Fi's mangled Earthsea mini-series in her essay Earthsea in Clorox - and don't worry, fans, she doesn't blame Kristin Kreuk or Danny Glover. [Thanks for the link, Felicia and Anne. Ed.]
Earthsea in Clorox by Ursula K. Le Guin - http://trashotron.com/agony/columns/2004/12-15-04.htm
Official Ursula K. Le Guin site - http://www.ursulakleguin.com
Smallville Official - http://www.thewb.com/Shows/Show/0,7353,||126,00.html
Charmed McGowan As Ann-Margret
By Nellie Andreeva
LOS ANGELES December 16, 2004 (Hollywood Reporter) - Rose McGowan ("Charmed") is in negotiations to star in the CBS miniseries "Elvis," a biopic of the King of Rock 'n' Roll.
McGowan will play Ann-Margret, Elvis Presley's co-star in the 1964 film "Viva Las Vegas," whose romance with the King during and after the making of the film created a stir and put a strain on his relationship with future wife Priscilla Beaulieu.
Ann-Margret, an Oscar-nominated actress and accomplished singer who was often referred as the female Elvis for her energetic performances, went on to become lifelong friends with Presley, with the two sending each other gifts and attending each other's shows until his death in 1977. She also attended Presley's funeral in Memphis.
CBS has yet to cast Elvis, despite a nationwide talent search. Randy Quaid was previously tapped to play Presley's manager "Colonel" Tom Parker.
[I like McGowen, but can she sing??? Ed.]
Charmed Official - http://www.thewb.com/Shows/Show/0,7353,||156,00.html
Buffy Bad to Point Pleasant - Zane to Charmed - Ben Browder to SG-1
By Kate O'Hare
LOS ANGELES December 17, 2004 (Zap2it.com) Adam Busch, who played the nefarious geek Warren Meers on "Buffy the Vampire Slayer" -- and was seen most recently as acerbic court bailiff Steve Dixon in the short-lived FOX series "The Jury" -- returns to FOX in time for February sweeps.
Busch (also the frontman of the band Common Rotation) has signed on for at least three episodes of the new supernatural drama "Point Pleasant," executive-produced by former "Buffy" exec Marti Noxon, whose last FOX series, "Still Life," never aired.
"Point Pleasant," however, is set to premiere after "American Idol" on Wednesday, Jan. 19, then airs Thursdays after "The O.C.," starting Jan. 20.
Busch begins in the show's third episode, playing Wes, an apprentice working with the mysterious and charismatic Thomas Boyd (Grant Show).
Boyd has come to the seaside New Jersey town of Point Pleasant to insinuate himself into the life of teenage Christina (Elizabeth Harnois). The daughter of the Devil and a mortal woman, Christina washed up on the shores of Point Pleasant, which has become the battleground for her soul and those of its inhabitants.
In other genre casting news, Billy Zane has signed on to a three-episode guest stint on The WB's "Charmed," which begins on Sunday, Feb. 13. He plays Drake, a poetry-spouting demon that made a deal with a sorcerer to become human for a year, and now his time is almost up.
There's also talk that Phoebe (Alyssa Milano), who was once married to the half-demon/half-human Cole (Julian McMahon), may like the looks of Drake as well.
Also, Ben Browder, star of Sci Fi Channel's "Farscape" series and miniseries, has signed onto the upcoming ninth season of Sci Fi's successful "Stargate SG-1." It's still unclear whether current lead Richard Dean Anderson will return for season nine.
The remaining season-eight episodes of "Stargate SG-1" start airing on Friday, Jan. 21, at 8 p.m. ET. It's followed by new episodes of the freshman hit "Stargate Atlantis" and the first regular season of "Battlestar Galactica," which premiered as a miniseries in 2003.
Stargate SG-1 - http://www.scifi.com/stargate
Mick Does TV
By Kimberly Speight
LOS ANGELES December 17, 2004 (Hollywood Reporter) - Rolling Stone Mick Jagger's production company is developing a new series titled "Being" with cable channel A&E Network.
Each hourlong episode of "Being" will be in the vein of the 2001 documentary "Being Mick," in which Oscar-winning director Kevin Macdonald ("One Day in September") followed Jagger around the world as he recorded a solo album, produced a movie, played with his kids and hung out with celebrities.
"Being" will profile a single celebrity -- including musicians, actors, athletes and newsmakers -- in an up-close, all-access look at what it's like to be a star. The cameras will follow the subjects to such locations as movie and TV show sets, recording studios or star-studded parties as well as more intimate moments in their lives with friends and family.
Jagger is executive producing, while Victoria Pearman -- who runs his Jagged Films banner -- is producing.
"The viewer will really feel the intimacy (of being with the celebrity) and have access with them in their home, recording studio -- wherever they might be," A&E senior vp programing Bob DeBitetto said. "It does require the talent allowing a level of access they are not used to."
DeBitetto added that "Being," which will likely debut sometime in 2006, will not feature the "traditional" style of storytelling that most shows in the biography genre employ.
"One of the things we're working hard on is trying to explore new ways of telling biography stories that feel fresh and hopefully will be more attractive to young adults," DeBitetto said. "We think 'Biography' was groundbreaking for its time and hope this will be viewed as a groundbreaking way of showcasing famous people today -- it's the evolution of how we approach the genre."
For example, each episode will focus on the celebrity's present-day life rather than feature the typical birth-to-present style of storytelling and will have more of a cinema verite feel than traditional biography programs, he said.
DeBitetto added that the show will likely include a range of celebrities, including those who appeal to younger audiences as well as older ones.
The series is part of the network's strategy to skew younger and bring in more viewers in its target demos of adults 25-54 and 18-49. A&E already has made headway with such hit series as "Airline," "Growing Up Gotti" and "Dog the Bounty Hunter," resulting in increased primetime ratings in those demos along with a five-year drop in its median viewer age, to 51, compared with a year ago.
Jagged Films also produced the World War II intelligence thriller "Enigma," starring Kate Winslet.
Rolling Stones Official - http://therollingstones.com
Todd Holland and Bryan Fuller's
short-lived series Wonderfalls (Fox)
57th Annual Writers Guild Awards TV Nominees
LOS ANGELES AND NEW YORK December 15, 2004 (eXoNews) - Finally! A TV awards list without so-called "reality shows"! Unfortunately also without any of your favorite genre shows as the WGA drama nominees prove that WGA members are just as conservative as their Oscar counterparts.
Not that I have anything against The West Wing, but where are the nominations for Lost and Desperate Housewives and Boston Legal?
The Writer's Guild Awards are somewhat less political than the Oscars, as the recognition is by scribes for scribes, but winning a WGA award can lead to better things for starving writers.
Among the less common faces, Todd Holland and Bryan Fuller's quickly aborted gem Wonderfalls did make it into the comedy nominees.
William H. Macy in his production
of The Wool Cap for TNT
So did at least one TV movie I liked, and if you didn't see William H. Macy and Keke Palmer in Macy's take on Jackie Gleason's Gigot, aka The Wool Cap on TNT, I recommend you tune in for the rerun.
The nominations indicate that the only daytime soap to watch now is The Guiding Light, an early winner as there were no others in that category. BTW, GL is now rated TV14 and includes Doug Hutchinson as "Sebastian, son of the legendary Roger Thorpe." X-philes will remember Doug as slimy Eugene Tooms.
We have no word from our sponsor, so without further babble here are the 2004 WGA TV Noms:
EPISODIC DRAMA — any length — one airing time
MEMORIAL DAY (The West Wing), Written by John Sacret Young & Josh Singer; NBC
THE SUPREMES (The West Wing), Written by Debora Cahn; NBC
FALLING INTO PLACE (Six Feet Under), Written by Craig Wright; HBO
LONG TERM PARKING (The Sopranos), Written by Terence Winter; HBO
EPISODIC COMEDY — any length — one airing time
SPLAT! (Sex and the City), Written by Jenny Bicks and Cindy Chupack; HBO
PIER PRESSURE (Arrested Development), Written by Jim Vallely & Mitchell Hurwitz; Fox
THE ICK FACTOR (Sex and the City), Written by Julie Rottenberg & Elisa Zuritsky; HBO
PILOT (Wonderfalls), Teleplay by Bryan Fuller, Story By Todd Holland & Bryan Fuller; Fox
IDA'S BOYFRIEND (Malcolm in the Middle), Written by Neil Thompson; Fox
LONG FORM — ORIGINAL — over one hour — one or two parts, one or two airing times
REDEMPTION, Written by J.T. Allen; FX
SOMETHING THE LORD MADE, Written by Peter Silverman and Robert Caswell; HBO
SPINNING BORIS, Written by Yuri Zeltser & Cary Bickley; Showtime
LONG FORM — ADAPTED — over one hour — one or two parts, one or two airing times
CAVEDWELLER, Screenplay by Anne Meredith, Based upon the novel by Dorothy Allison; Showtime
THE WOOL CAP, Teleplay by William H. Macy & Steven Schachter, Based upon the original story "Gigot" written by Jackie Gleason; TNT
ANGELS IN AMERICA, Teleplay by Tony Kushner, Based on the play by Tony Kushner; HBO
Doug as Sebastian in The
Guiding Light (CBS)
ANIMATION — any length — one airing time
TODAY I AM A CLOWN (The Simpsons), Written by Joel H. Cohen; Fox
FRAUDCAST NEWS (The Simpsons), Written by Don Payne; Fox
STARCROSSED (Justice League), Written by Rich Fogel, John Ridley, Dwayne McDuffie, Story by Rich Fogel; Cartoon Network
MILHOUSE DOESN'T LIVE HERE ANYMORE (The Simpsons), Written by Julie Chambers & David Chambers; Fox
CATCH ‘EM IF YOU CAN (The Simpsons), Written by Ian Maxtone-Graham; Fox
COMEDY/VARIETY — MUSIC, AWARDS, TRIBUTES — SPECIALS — any length
THE KENNEDY CENTER HONORS CBS
THE 58TH ANNUAL TONY AWARDS CBS
COMEDY/VARIETY — (including talk) SERIES
LATE NIGHT WITH CONAN O'BRIEN NBC
PENN & TELLER BULLSHIT! Showtime
REAL TIME WITH BILL MAHER HBO
GUIDING LIGHT CBS
A SEPARATE PEACE, Teleplay by Wendy Kesselman, Based on the Novel by John Knowles; SHOWTIME
A WRINKLE IN TIME, Teleplay by Susan Shilliday, Based on the Novel by Madeleine L'Engle; ABC
DOCUMENTARY – CURRENT EVENTS
LAST MAN STANDING: POLITICS TEXAS, STYLE (P.O.V.), Written by Paul Stekler; PBS
FROM CHINA WITH LOVE (Frontline), Written by Michael J. Kirk; PBS
DOCUMENTARY – OTHER THAN CURRENT EVENTS
EMMA GOLDMAN (American Experience), Written by Mel Bucklin; PBS
RECONSTRUCTION, PART 1 (American Experience), Telescript by Llewellyn M. Smith, Story by Elizabeth Deane & Patricia Garcia Rios; PBS
RFK (American Experience), Written by David Grubin; PBS
THE FIGHT (American Experience), Written by Barak Goodman; PBS
OH, WHAT A BEAUTIFUL MORNING (Broadway: The American Musical — Episode 4), Written by Jo Ann Young; PBS
REVOLUTIONARIES (They Made America), Telescript by Carl Charlson, Story by Harold Evans; PBS
NEWS – REGULARLY SCHEDULED, BULLETIN OR BREAKING REPORT
REMEMBERING RAY CHARLES (CBS News, WBBM Chicago)
THE REAGAN FUNERAL (ABC World News Tonight with Peter Jennings)
NEWS – ANALYSIS, FEATURE, OR COMMENTARY
CHANGE OF HEART (60 Minutes II), Written by Rebecca Peterson & Scott Pelley; CBS
HOMES FOR THE HOMELESS (UPN 9 News), Written by Jacqueline M. Calayag; WWOR
MARTHA STEWART (60 Minutes II), Written by Barbara Dury & Morley Safer; CBS
WGA Awards Official Site - http://www.wga.org/pr/Awards